Moldavite resembles ferns or algae turned into irregular, green glass; but it’s so much more. It’s a unique, glass-like formation created during the fall (and subsequent impact) of a giant meteorite in Europe.
Physical Properties of Moldavite
Moldavite is a projective silica rock and a tektite - commonly referred to as "space glass." It is transparent to some degree and has a green color, characterized by swirls and bubbles, which give it a mossy appearance. Moldavites can be distinguished from glass imitations by observing the texture (there should be irregularities - every piece will look different) and there are often tiny bubbles inside (due to the liquid state of the moldavite from impact).
Moldavite’s hardness varies from 5.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. Unlike many other rocks that are created in natural, geological processes, moldavite was formed after the fall of a meteorite, which crashed against Earth around 15 million years ago, in what used to be Czechoslovakia. For this reason, it is exclusively found in the Czech Republic and Austria. It’s worth noting that the Moravian moldavite is browner than the Bohemian moldavite. When it was created, there were around 275 tons of it in total, strewn throughout the area. There is a famous museum of moldavite, located in the Czech Republic, and an association for moldavite in Slovenia, which popularizes this intriguing rock’s history.
Moldavite’s quality is divided into three grades: museum-grade, medium grade, and regular grade. Museum-grade is highly transparent and has a fern pattern. Regular grade has a darker green shade and a pitting surface. Moreover, it doesn't occur in large specimens, due to the way it was created.
Interestingly, australites (Australiasian tektites) and ivorites (Ivory Coast tektites) have a similar composition to moldavites.
History and Lore of Moldavite
Scientists encountered moldavite for the first time ever in 1786, at Prague University, during a meeting of the Bohemian Scientific Society. At that time, moldavite was called ‘chrysolite from Tyn nad Vltavou’ after a river in the Czech Republic. Its German name was Moldautein - hence the name ‘moldavite.'
However, it was only in 1900 that F. E. Suess discovered that the moldavite’s surface could be the result of a meteorite. Its chemical properties indicated that it was formed 15 million years ago - at the same time when the Nordlinger Ries crater was created. The burning material cooled down and fell on Earth.
Eight years later, Johann Veran discovered a statue in a village in Austria. It was called Venus of Willendorf, but it wasn't related to the Roman goddess; instead, it was a fertility deity in general, maybe the local Mother Goddess. The statue was surrounded by amulets, talismans, and knives from Moldavite.
There are many speculations about the use of moldavite in the past. For example, it was considered to be the material of the legendary Tabula Smaragdina (the emerald tablet), which had secret alchemic knowledge and hermetic philosophy written on it, together with the information about the philosopher’s stone, and with theories about the microcosmic and macrocosmic forces. However, it’s not clear whether the tablet was made of moldavite, emerald, or other transparent green stone.
Another myth tells us that as Archangel Michael hit Lucifer's crown with his sword, an emerald fell out, and precipitated on the Earth’s surface. It symbolized the fall of humanity, and it could have been moldavite, but again, there’s no proof. Whatever the stone was, it was apparently found, and inlaid into the Holy Grail, which was later used during the Last Supper. The story continues with Napoleon getting the Holy Grail, and being disappointed with the green stone in it.
Interestingly, in India, moldavite is called Agni Mani, which means "fire pearl" in Sanskrit. In 1930, artist and mystic Nicholas Roerich connected moldavite to the stone of Shambhalla, the sacred jewel of the Tibetan region. The stone of Shambhala was believed to have come from the Orion constellation, and linked to the Holy Grail, too.
For unknown reasons, moldavite is also the symbol of the phoenix, a mythical bird born and gone in the fire, which represents rebirth.
Metaphysical Properties of Moldavite
Moldavite is the birthstone for people born between 2004 and 2005, but it isn't associated with any particular Zodiac sign: instead, it is considered universal, as it was born from the stars. It’s recommended for advanced spiritual practices like astral projection, shamanic journeys, light bodywork, and accessing Akashic records. It works for all chakras, but it’s most beneficial for anahata (the heart chakra).
Although there are plenty of cases where moldavite is associated with fire, it actually has the energy of wood. Hence, it's perfect for growth and expansion. It also fosters nutrition and health. Try placing a piece in your kitchen or in the dining room.
It’s important to know that moldavite is considered to be a rather strong stone, with powerful vibrations. For this reason, always wear it carefully and give yourself time to slowly get used to it. Some people feel a heat sensation when they touch it - either in their hands or in the chest. This effect is known as the moldavite flush.