Serpentine is a collective term for many types of magnesium silicates. Two of the most common species of it are new jade and lizardite. Paradoxically, new jade isn't related to jade at all: it isn't a subtype of jade, like jadeite or nephrite. Instead, it's a serpentine characterized by bright green color, which commonly creates some confusion between it and real jade. Physically, new jade (serpentine) is difficult to distinguish from jadeite or nephrite, as its appearance can be quite similar. Serpentine’s most-common tones are green, brown, yellow, white, and black; and its name comes from the Latin word serpens meaning snake.
History and Uses of Serpentine
Historically, serpentine has been used for the creation of mortars; for this reason, it quickly became the stone of doctors, chemists, and alchemists. Serpentine was also used as a source of other minerals, for example, magnesium or asbestos.
Three countries known for the use of serpentine are India, Afghanistan, and Mongolia. In Mongolia, serpentine was said to protect its owner from poisonous reptiles and insects, as well as from negative vibrations in general. India, on the other hand, brought serpentine from Afghanistan and created everyday items with it, such as dagger handles and sword hilts.
Metaphysical Properties of Serpentine
Serpentine is said to be good for the heart and lungs. Since it's primarily green, it's a heart chakra stone; is said to be able to clear all of the chakras; is said to help activate the kundalini energy, that resides at the base of your spine; is said to help retrieve the wisdom of your past lives; and can release fears of the future and help look toward the future with optimism.
Serpentine is said to carry the energy of clearing and restoring, like a snake shedding its skin. It is also said to be a stone of abundance and support in manifesting one's desires. The energy of serpentine is also said to be balancing, calming, and grounding, and may help bring clarity and positive thinking.
Serpentine is recommended for those born under the signs of Virgo and Capricorn, while Scorpios are advised to try and avoid it. In general, serpentine is associated with the elements of Earth and Air, and its talismans are said to cure headaches, turn lethargy into motivation, and repair broken bones.